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ww1 or World War I (also known as the First World War , the Great War, and the "War to End All Wars") was a conflict that lasted from 1914 to 1918. Chemical weapons, like poison gas were used for the first time, the first mass bombardment of civilians from the sky was executed, and some of the century's first genocides took place during the war. No previous conflict had mobilized so many soldiers, or involved so many in the field of battle. Never before had casualties been so high. ww1 was also a war of change, a last blow to the old order in Europe to pave way for the new. Dynasties such as the Habsburgs, Romanovs, and Hohenzollerns, who had dominated the European political landscape and had roots of power back to the days of the Crusades, all fell after the four-year war. Many of the events and phenomena that would dominate the world of the twentieth century can trace their origins to ww1 — including Communism, World War II and even the Cold War.
WW1 proved to be the decisive break with the old world order, marking the final demise of absolutist monarchy in Europe. It would prove the catalyst for the Russian Revolution, which would inspire later revolutions in countries as diverse as China and Cuba, and would lay the basis for the Cold War confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States. The defeat of Germany in the war and failure to resolve the unsettled issues that had caused the Great War, also known as ww1, would lay the basis for the rise of Nazism, and thus the outbreak of World War II in 1939. Most significantly, it laid the basis for a more modern form of warfare that relied heavily on technology, and would involve non-combatants in the horrors of war as never before. From this point on, all people of all classes would have to see the true color of war. War was no longer a "polite" battle where men lined up and showed their strength on some distant battlefield. WW1 showed the new direction war was headed where each side would begin to use desperate and sometimes horrific strategies to gain any advantage, even at the expense of the innocent.
ww1 was commonly called "The Great War" or sometimes "the war to end all wars" until World War II started, although the name "First World War" was coined as early as 1920 by Lt-Col à Court Repington in The First World War 1914–18. Some scholars write of the WW1 as merely the first phase of a 30-year-long war spanning the period 1914–1945.
Over 9 million men would die on the battlefield during ww1, and nearly that many more people would die on the homefront from food shortages, starvation, genocide, and simply being the unfortunate family living right on the battlefront.
World War 1 Battles were some of the most famous, couragous and deadly of all time. You can read about them by clicking on some of the links following, like the battle of verdun, battle of waterloo, battle of somme, or even the famous battle of marne. Some of the most famous people of the 20th century participated in these battles, behind the scenes and on the front lines, like Ernest Hemingway who wrote :“A Farewell To Arms“, or Woodrow Wilson, an American President, and even Vladimir Lenin, head of the Soviet Union. There also is an entire section dedicated to women in world war one.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "World War 1"