This is the third part of the Ernest Hemingway Biography article.
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Ernest Hemingway Biography: (July 21, 1899 - July 2, 1961) was an American author. He was born in Oak Park, Illinois, and committed suicide in Ketchum, Idaho.
Ernest Hemingway was one of the 20th century's most important and influential writers, and many details of his own life have become nearly as well-known as has his work. His image was of a stoic, macho, adventurous figure, and he often drew heavily on his own experiences for his writing.
Ernest Hemingway was a leading figure of the so-called Lost Generation. Hemingway's fiction, especially his early work, was dominated by two types of characters. The first type were people altered by their WW1 experiences, people who'd become detached and cynical, yet emotionally needy. The second type of character — perhaps a response to the first type — is a simple, plainspoken individual of direct emotions, who finds fulfillment or even redemption in fishing, bullfighting or other physical activities.
Death and violence were constant themes in Hemingway's life and writing. He saw violence in both World Wars, and in the Spanish Civil War. Hunting was among his favorite interests. He was notoriously accident-prone, perhaps due to his adventurous life.
Ernest Hemingway created one myth after the other about himself: he claimed he had an affair with Mata Hari and that he joined the Arditi after his wounding in the first World War, among other accounts. Many people were perfectly willing to believe these tales, unlikely as they often were.
Ernest Hemingway was sometimes captured or challenged in his lies, and the discrepancy between himself and the idealized image he had created has been cited as a factor in his troubled life and eventual suicide. Hemingway probably suffered from depression, which was aggravated by his alcoholism.
Early Life - Ernest Hemingway Biography
Hemingway was born and raised in Oak Park, Illinois. His father was a physician, and the family lived a comfortable, protected life.
His mother, Grace Hall Hemingway, dressed and raised him as a girl for part of his life, calling him "Ernestine". Accounts vary from two years. Some reports claim that, when Ernest Hemingway was born, his mother fantasized that he was the twin of his older, 18-month-old sister, Marcelline. Some accounts hold that she dressed them both as girls and let their hair grow long, then later cut their hair and dressed them both as boys.
For two months each summer, Ernest Hemingway was allowed to attend a boys' camp, where he could dress and live as a boy. In his youth, Hemingway joined his father hunting; at ten, he got his first shotgun. He enjoyed a good fight, and boxing was a lifelong passion. (Some of his Nick stories seem partly based on his experiences at this time.) After high school, Ernest Hemingway worked as a reporter for the Kansas City Star. He adopted as his personal standard the main directives of the newspaper's stylebook: "Brevity, a reconciliation of vigour with smoothness, the positive approach".
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